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Figure c03/f001
Figure 3.1
Gram‐positive (a) and Gram‐negative (b) bacterial cell walls. Source : Adapted from Elliot et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & S...
Figure c03/f002a
Figure 2
Alcohol handrub hand hygiene technique – for visibly clean hands. Source : Adapted from WHO ( ). © Crown copyright. Reproduced under the Open Governm...
Figure c03/f003c
Figure 7
Remove the first glove by firmly holding the outside of the glove wrist, then pull off the glove in such a way as to turn it inside out.
Figure c03/f004a
Figure 2a
Place the neck loop of the apron over your head.
Figure c03/f005a
Figure 3
Place the mask over your nose, mouth and chin.
Figure c03/f006
Figure 4
Don and remove eye protection by grasping the earpieces; do not touch the front.
Figure c03/f008d
Figure 5c
Spread your fingers slightly to help them enter the fingers of the glove.
Figure c03/f008h
Figure 7b
When both gloves are on, adjust the fit.
Figure c03/f009d
Figure 5
Put one hand into the corresponding sleeve and use the other hand to pull the gown towards you. Your hand should not go beyond the cuff.
Figure c03/f009h
Figure 8b
Open the inner glove packet on the sterile open gown package so that the glove fingers point towards you.
Figure c03/f009l
Figure 8f
Repeat the process with the other glove.
Figure c03/f060
Figure 3.6
An example of an isolation prioritization tool. (a) How to use the tool. (b) Score card. (c) Score. (d) Shortcut guide to priorities for isolation. (e...
Figure c03/f001a
Figure 8a
1. Rub hands palm to palm. 2. Rub back of each hand with palm of other hand with fingers interlaced. 3. Rub palm to palm with fingers interlaced. Rub ...
Figure c03/f003
Figure 3.3
The viral life cycle. Source : Adapted from Perry ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Figure c03/f003d
Figure 8
Remove the second glove by slipping the thumb of the ungloved hand inside the wrist of the glove and pulling it off while turning it inside out.
Figure c03/f004b
Figure 2b
Tie the ties together behind your back, positioning the apron so that as much of the front of your body is protected as possible.
Figure c03/f005b
Figure 5
Secure the mask at the back of the head 
with ties.
Figure c03/f008a
Figure 3
Open the packet containing the gloves onto a clean surface and open out the inside packaging so that the fingers of the gloves point away from you.
Figure c03/f008e
Figure 6a
Slide the fingertips of your gloved hand beneath the folded cuff of the second glove.
Figure c03/f009a
Figure 3a
Open the gown pack with clean hands onto a clean surface. Do not touch the inner packet until after the surgical scrub.
Figure c03/f009e
Figure 6
Put the other hand into the other sleeve. Again, your hand should not go beyond the cuff.
Figure c03/f009i
Figure 8c
Slide the thumb of one hand (still inside the sleeve) under the folded‐over cuff of the corresponding glove.
Figure c03/f009m
Figure 8g
Adjust the fit when both gloves are on.
Figure c03/f001b
Figure 8b
Areas most commonly missed following hand washing. Source : Nursing Times (1978). Reproduced with permission from EMAP Publishing Ltd.
Figure c03/f003a
Figure 2
Remove gloves from the box.
Figure c03/f003e
Figure 9
Dispose of used gloves into an orange waste bag.
Figure c03/f004c
Figure 4
Remove the apron by breaking the neck loop and ties.
Figure c03/f005c
Figure 8a
After use, remove the mask by untying or breaking the ties and pulling them forward.
Figure c03/f008b
Figure 5a
Hold the cuff of the first glove with the opposite hand and slide the fingertips of the other hand (that the glove is to go on) into the opening.
Figure c03/f008f
Figure 6b
Slide the fingertips of your ungloved hand into the opening of the second glove.
Figure c03/f009b
Figure 3b
Open the inner layer of the pack; use sterile towels to dry hands and forearms if required.
Figure c03/f009f
Figure 7
The assistant opens a pair of sterile gloves and presents the inner packaging for you to take.
Figure c03/f009j
Figure 8d
Push your hand through the cuff and into the glove.
Figure c03/f009n
Figure 11a
At the end of the procedure, remove gown and gloves as a single unit by pulling the gown away from you.
Figure c03/f002
Figure 3.2
Bacterial structures.
Figure c03/f003b
Figure 3
Holding the cuff of the glove, pull it into position.
Figure c03/f004
Figure 3.4
The chain of infection. A useful tool for seeing how to prevent transmission. How would you break each of the links in the chain?
Figure c03/f005
Figure 3.5
Avoiding contamination by avoiding contact with the key elements. Source : Reproduced with permission from ICU Medical, Inc.
Figure c03/f005d
Figure 8b
Do not touch the front of the mask.
Figure c03/f008c
Figure 5b
Keep hold of the folded edge and pull the glove onto your hand.
Figure c03/f008g
Figure 7a
Pull the glove onto your hand, again spreading your fingers slightly to help them enter the fingers of the glove.
Figure c03/f009c
Figure 4
Lift up the gown by its inner surface and hold it away from the body.
Figure c03/f009g
Figure 8a
Take the gloves, keeping your hands inside your sleeves.
Figure c03/f009k
Figure 8e
Pull the glove into position using the other hand (still inside its sleeve).
Figure c03/f009o
Figure 11b
Turn it and the gloves inside out.