Relationship of skeletal muscles to bones: origin and insertion of skeletal muscle. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission f...
Sitting to standing (Action 1).
Hand resting in splint.
The diaphragm as seen from the front. Note the openings in the vertebral portion for the inferior vena cava, oesophagus and aorta.
Hard collar in situ .
Two designs of stump board. (a) An adjustable stump board: the angle can be varied for comfort. (b) A fixed stump board: this slides underneath the wh...
Anterior view of the right knee (tibiofemoral) joint. Source : Tortora and Derrickson ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Lying to sitting (Action 4).
Sitting to standing (Action 4).
Foot resting in splint.
Movement of chest wall on inspiration. (a) The upper ribs move upwards and forwards, increasing the anteroposterior dimension of the thoracic cavity. ...
Log rolling and positioning of patient with spinal cord compression or injury. Source : Adapted from SIA ( ). Reproduced with permission from the Spi...
The correct position for prone lying (t/t denotes transtibial). Source : Engstrom and Van de Ven ( ). Reproduced with permission from Elsevier.
(a) Ankle in dorsiflexion (DF). (b) Ankle in plantarflexion (PF).
Lying to sitting (Action 7).
Examples of a supportive shoe.
Effect of gravity on the distribution of ventilation and perfusion in the lung in the upright and lateral positions. Source : Hough ( ). Reproduced w...
Positions to support breathing.
Pelvic twist for patient with unstable cervical spine. Note : in practice five people are needed for this manoeuvre. Source : Adapted from SIA ( ). ...
Positioning the patient with neurological weakness. (a) Supine: affected arm supported on pillow. (b) Side‐lying: affected arm supported on pillow.
Sitting up in bed.
Lying to sitting (Action 8).
Hand resting on towel.
Effect of controlled mandatory ventilation on ventilation and perfusion gradients. In contrast to spontaneous respiration, the perfusion gradient incr...
The bronchial tree. Source : Peate et al. ( ). Reproduced with permission from John Wiley & Sons.
Levels of amputation in the upper and lower limb. Source : Engstrom and Van de Ven ( ). Reproduced with permission from Elsevier.
(a) Ankle foot orthosis (AFO). (b) Ankle foot orthosis in situ .